APJ Abdul Kalam Death Anniversary

Remembering the Missile Man of India’s Participation to Field of Science

Dr Kalam engineered the Pokhran-II atomic tests which catapulted India into the centre of Nuclear Powers. It continued till then only exclusive to five countries – the USA, China, UK, France, and Russia.

Abdul Kalam was an aerospace scientist and an extraordinary professor who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007 and broadly suggested to “People’s President”. Kalam collapsed while delivering a speech at Indian Institute of Management (IIM)-Shillong and died from a possible cardiac arrest on July -27-2015.

On Abdul Kalam’s death anniversary, here is a look at some of his most notable experimental contributions:

At a time when it was no less than a vision for India to have its Satellite Launch (SLV), Dr Kalam’s hard work and efforts for over a decade, creating it possible for the country to have its first original SLV. SLV III was developed by Kalam which used for beginning the Rohini satellite into Earth’s path. It also marked India’s entry into the Space club.

After working for the ISRO for over two decades, Dr Kalam took the responsibility of developing indigenous guided missiles at the Defence Research and Development Organisation.

Dr Kalam was qualified for the development and operationalisation of Agni and Prithvi missiles, which made him famous as the ‘Missile Man of India’.

Dr Kalam was the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister of India in 1992 and 1999 when India went ahead with the atomic blasts at Pokhran.

He also engineered the Pokhran-II atomic tests which catapulted India into the club of Nuclear Powers. It was till then only particular to 5-countries – the USA, China, UK, France, and Russia.

Dr Kalam co-operated with cardiologist Dr B.Soma Raju for development of India’s first coronary stent. The stent was named Kalam-Raju-Stent and developed in 1994. It led to a decline in prices of imported coronary stents in India by over 50 per cent. The upgraded variants of this stent are now possible in the market.

Ever since Dr Kalam passed out of the Madras Institute of Technology, where he specialised in Aeronautical Engineering, he had been connected with avionics. He was deeply involved with country’s Light Combat Aircraft and also became the first Indian Head of State to fly a fighter plane.

After the success of Kalam-Raju-Stent, Dr Kalam along with Dr Soma Raju developed a tablet computer in 2012 that was aimed at arming healthcare workers taking care of underprivileged people in rural India to respond to emergency medical situations.


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